Psychological Operations Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures

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In December of 2003, the Psychological Operations Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures was released by the Headquarters, Department of the Army.

PSYOP are planned operations that convey selected information and indicators to foreign target audiences (TAs) to influence their emotions, motives, objective reasoning, and ultimately, the behavior of foreign governments, organizations, groups, and individuals. The purpose of all PSYOP is to create in neutral, friendly, or hostile foreign groups the emotions, attitudes, or desired behavior that support the achievement of U.S. national objectives and the military mission. In doing so, PSYOP influence not only policy and decisions, but also the ability to govern, the ability to command, the will to fight, the will to obey, and the will to support. The combination of PSYOP products and actions create in the selected TAs a behavior that supports U.S. national policy objectives and the theater commander’s intentions at the strategic, operational, and tactical levels.

Role of the Media

3–38. The media, both news and literary, plays a vital role in any society. The media and other information networks’ increasing availability to society’s leadership, population, and infrastructure can have a profound impact on national will, political direction, and national security objectives and policy. PSYOP planners must understand the role of the media and its perception, as it affects each potential TA and actors external to the AOR (Figure 3–1, pages 3–11 through 3–13). PSYOP planners must also examine the literary media because literature itself conveys important (and exploitable) themes, symbols, and myths of that culture and society.

Read the full declassified document here:

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